Clara Barton
(December 25, 1821 - April 12, 1912) was an
American humanitarian, educator and the founder of
the American Red Cross. Being a teacher earlier,
Barton worked as an independent nurse (“the angel
of the battlefield”) during the American Civil War and
with the International Red Cross during the Franco-
Prussian War of 1870-71.  After founding the
American Red Cross in 1881 she became its first
president.