Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemöller
(January 14, 1892 - March 6, 1984) was a German anti-
Nazi, theologian and Lutheran pastor. Although he was a
national conservative and initially a supporter of Adolf Hitler,
he became one of the founders of the Confessional Church,
which opposed the nazification of German Protestant

Painting Analysis by Lynsie Patschke, student at Texas
A&M University:
Niemöller sits on a chair looking slightly to his left side. The
background depicts a window with a frame that has a
distinctive cross in the middle. He is addressed in a
traditional outfit of a Pastor, but his clothes are not black;
rather they are blue but there still remains a white collar.
The cross hidden as the window frame and the traditional
Pastor clothing hidden as a different color illustrates that
Niemöller had to hide who he is while sitting openly to